Even for seasoned golfers, the shank remains an unwelcome guest, capable of turning a promising round into a challenging scramble for recovery. But what is a shank in golf, and why does it inspire such trepidation?

In this comprehensive guide, we unravel the mystery of the shank, its causes, and effective strategies to banish it from your game.

Understanding the Basics: Golf Ball and Golf Club

In the great game of golf, the relationship between the golf ball and the golf club is pivotal. A golfer hits the ball with the club, designed specifically for this purpose.

The clubface, the hitting end of the club, contacts the ball and propels it toward the hole on the golf course. The way the club hits the ball dramatically affects the shot’s outcome.

When a golfer stands on the tee with the ball in front and the club in hand, the aim is to hit the ball as accurately as possible.

With its myriad challenges and obstacles, the golf course tests the golfer’s ability to do this consistently. Even the best golfers must constantly refine their techniques to maintain accuracy and distance.

The Importance of the Swing Path in Golf

The swing path, the trajectory the golf club follows during the backswing and downswing, is instrumental in deciding where the ball goes.

It is key to consistently hitting great shots. A wrong angle or an imperfect arc can turn a promising shot into a bad shot, a reality many golfers grapple with regularly.

What is a Shank in Golf?

Now we come to the main question: What is a shank in golf? A shank occurs when the club hits the ball with the hosel instead of the clubface.

This off-center hit is commonly known as a “hosel rocket,” one of the worst things that can happen to a golfer on the course.

Shank in Golf: Not a Term of Endearment

Despite the fanciful term, a shank is a dreaded event, even for professional golfers. It sends the ball veering sharply to the right (for a right-handed golfer), often entirely off target.

For many golfers, hitting a shank undermines confidence, as it can be difficult to fix and can continue happening.

Anatomy of a Shank in Golf

The golf club, specifically the hosel, plays a significant role in a shank. When the golfer’s swing is misaligned, the hosel contacts the ball instead of the clubface.

This common cause of shanks often happens due to an inward-outward swing path, where the clubhead moves away from the body during the downswing.

The Golf Ball’s Role in a Shank

The golf ball itself plays a passive role in a shank. It is simply the unfortunate recipient of an off-center hit.

When a golfer hits a shank, the ball often ends far from the target, losing distance and accuracy. The role of the golf ball in a shank, thus, is more of a consequence than a cause.

The Misalignment of the Swing Path

One of the most common causes of a shank is the misalignment of the swing path. When the clubhead veers away from the body during the downswing, the heel, or hosel, is likelier to hit the ball than the clubface. This misalignment is why even the best golfers can sometimes hit a shank.

Identifying a Shank in Golf

Knowing how to identify a shank is vital to stop shanking. A shank typically sends the ball at a sharp angle to the right (for a right-handed player).

Often, the ball also travels a shorter distance than a properly hit shot. The abrupt change in direction is a clear sign that you’ve shanked your shot.

Golf Shank Versus Other Mis-hits

Distinguishing a shank from other mis-hits is important. A shank is often confused with a slice, but they are different.

A slice curves away from the target, while a shank is a sudden deviation due to the club hitting the ball with the hosel.

Consequences of a Shank in Golf

The immediate effects of a golf shank are often a missed target, lost distance, and, potentially, a higher score for the hole. The unpredictable nature of a shank can disrupt the flow of the round, affecting the golfer’s focus and confidence.

Long-term Implications for Your Golf Game

Repeatedly hitting shanks can take a toll on a golfer’s confidence. It may lead to apprehension each time they stand to hit, fearing a recurrence. This anxiety can affect their swing, leading to more shanks, creating a vicious cycle that is tough to break.

Causes of a Shank in Golf

A common cause of shanks is a fault in the swing path. When the clubhead veers away from the body during the downswing, the heel, or hosel, is likely to make contact with the ball.

Another common error is standing too close to the ball, which can cause the golfer to pull the club inwards during the swing.

The Role of the Golf Club and Golf Ball in a Shank

The golf club and the ball’s role in a shank is more of a function of the golfer’s actions. When the swing path is wrong, or the golfer stands too close, the club hits the ball with the hosel, leading to a shank. The ball is merely a victim of the golfer’s erroneous actions.

How to Correct a Shank in Golf

To stop shanking, the golfer needs to correct their swing path. A great drill is to practice swinging with the clubhead moving straight back and straight through. This helps ensure the clubface, not the hosel, contacts the ball.

Selecting the Right Golf Club to Prevent Shanks

Choosing the right club can also help prevent shanks. A club with the right shaft length ensures the golfer doesn’t stand too close to the ball. Standing at a comfortable distance makes you less likely to hit a shank.

Practicing Better Contact with the Golf Ball

Ensuring the clubface contacts the ball squarely is crucial. One drill is to practice hitting the ball with the center of the clubface. This promotes better contact, which can save you from the dreaded shank.

The Role of Equipment in Preventing Shanks

The golf club you choose can influence your shot outcomes. The club’s length, weight, and shaft flexibility can all affect your swing.

A too-long or heavy club can lead to mis-hits, including shanks. Take the time to find the right golf club that fits your physical build and complements your swing style.

Importance of Proper Grip

A golfer’s grip on the club can also lead to a shank. If your left hand (for right-handed players) is turned too far to the right, it can cause the club to open at impact, presenting the hosel to the ball.

Practice holding the club with your hands in the correct positions and maintaining the right grip pressure to help avoid shanks.

Regular Maintenance of Golf Equipment

Regularly checking and maintaining your golf equipment can also prevent shanks. Worn-out grips can cause the club to slip or rotate during the swing, increasing the risk of a shank.

Ensuring your clubs are in good condition, with adequately fitted grips, can significantly affect your performance.

This section provides valuable advice on the role of equipment in preventing shanks. It underlines the importance of using the right club, proper grip, and regular equipment checks to achieve the best performance in your golf game.

Additional Drills to Stop Shanking

Weight distribution is vital in golf. Having your weight evenly distributed between your feet helps maintain a steady and balanced swing.

A common cause of shanks is shifting weight to the toes during the swing, which pushes the hosel towards the ball. Regularly practicing your swing with evenly distributed weight can help you avoid shanks.

The Tee Drill: A Simple But Effective Technique

The tee drill is a great drill to help you stop shanking. Place a tee just outside the ball and practice hitting the ball without knocking the tee. This helps train you to avoid swinging the clubhead away from your body during the downswing, which is often why the hosel hits the ball.

Practicing With an Impact Bag

Practicing with an impact bag is another way to improve your swing and avoid shanks. By regularly hitting an impact bag, you can better understand how the clubface should contact the ball. This helps to ensure the clubface, rather than the hosel, makes contact with the ball.

Mind Over Matter: The Mental Side of Golf

Maintaining confidence after hitting a shank or any other bad shot is vital in golf. It’s important to remember that even the best golfers hit bad shots. Instead of dwelling on the mistake, focus on what you can do to improve your next shot.

Taking a moment to regroup, visualizing a successful shot, and remembering successful shots from the past can all help restore confidence.

How to Stay Focused During a Round

Staying focused during a round can be challenging, especially when things aren’t going well. Try approaching each shot as a new opportunity, regardless of how the previous shot went.

Pay attention to your breathing, keep your mind in the present, and don’t worry about the score. These strategies can help you focus and play your best, shot by shot.

Why Golf Is More Than Just a Physical Game

Golf is often as much a mental game as a physical one. While the focus is often on the swing, the club, and the ball, your state of mind also plays a crucial role.

Maintaining a positive attitude, managing frustration, and staying focused can be just as important as having a good swing. After all, the ability to mentally rebound from a bad shot, like a shank, often separates good golfers from great ones.


Understanding what a shank in golf is and how to fix it is crucial for any golfer. While it may seem a daunting task, with the right drills and focus, you can overcome the dreaded shank.

Always remember, even the best golfers have hit shanks, and they have bounced back stronger. It is part of the game, a hurdle to cross on your journey to mastering golf.


Golf Digest, PGA Tour, U.S. Golf Association (USGA) rules.

Chris is an accomplished health and fitness writer with a strong passion for helping others optimize their physical and mental well-being. With a degree in Exercise Science and a diverse background in the wellness industry, Chris brings a depth of knowledge to his writing that is both comprehensive and compelling.

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